Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Urban and Public Affairs
Simpson, David M.
Gilderbloom, John I.
Merry, Melissa K.
Savitch, Hank V.
Disaster relief--Social aspects--United States; Disasters--Economic aspects--United States; Disasters--Social aspects--United States; Poor--United States--Social conditions
Low-income and vulnerable populations that suffer most in natural disasters are females, children, elderly, disabled, and ethnic minorities This dissertation explores the association between natural disaster and poverty conditions among socially disadvantaged subgroups within the social, economic, and political contexts of the disaster affected regions in the Gulf Coast States. It argues that poverty conditions increase the negative impacts of disaster for socially vulnerable populations. This dissertation advocates incorporating the vulnerabilities of the marginalized population in each phase of disaster management planning, from mitigation to recovery. The study uses correlation and regression analyses to find the association between disaster impacts and different poverty conditions. The study of 534 counties of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas reveals that people living in poverty have a significant positive association with disaster fatalities and property damage, which demonstrates that natural disasters are likely to increase poverty. Moreover, the counties with more socially disadvantaged groups are more vulnerable to disaster. In conclusion, the author proposes that integration of vulnerabilities of socially disadvantaged groups into disaster mitigation policies can fundamentally reduce the loss of human life and economic loss of a society from natural disaster.
Sufiyan, Abu Muhammad 1979-, "Disaster and poverty : the differential impacts of disaster on the poor in the Gulf Coast region." (2014). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1402.