Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Interdisciplinary and Graduate Studies
Interdisciplinary Studies with a specialization in Bioinformatics, PhD
Moseley, Hunter N.B.
Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)
Rouchka, Eric C.
Park, Juw Won
Wittebort, Ricard J.
protein; NMR; resonance assignment
Protein nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (Protein NMR) is an invaluable analytical technique for studying protein structure, function, and dynamics. There are two major types of NMR spectroscopy that are used for investigation of protein structure – solution-state and solid-state NMR. Solution-based NMR spectroscopy is typically applied to proteins of small and medium size that are soluble in water. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy is amenable for proteins that are insoluble in water. In the vast majority NMR-based protein studies, the first step after experiment optimization is the assignment of protein resonances via the association of chemical shift values to specific atoms in a protein macromolecule. Depending on the quality of the spectra, a manual protein resonance assignment process often requires a considerable amount of time, from weeks to months-worth of effort even, by an experienced NMR spectroscopist . The resonance assignment processes for solution-state and solid-state protein NMR studies are conceptually similar, but have distinct differences due to the utilization of different NMR experiments and to the use of different resonances for grouping peaks into spin systems. Currently, there is a shortage of robust, effective software tools that can perform solid-state protein resonance assignment and there is no general software that can perform both solution-state and solid-state protein resonance assignment in a reliable, automated fashion. Hence, the motivation of this research is to design and implement algorithms and software tools that will automate the resonance assignment problem. As a result of this research, several algorithms and software packages that aid several important steps in the protein resonance assignment process were developed. For example, the nmrstarlib software package can access and utilize data deposited in the NMR-STAR format; the core of this library is the lexical analyzer for NMR-STAR syntax that acts as a generator-based state-machine for token processing. The jpredapi software package provides an easy-to-use API to submit and retrieve results from secondary structure prediction server. The single peak list and pairwise peak list registration algorithms address the problem of multiple sources of variance within single peak list and between different peak lists and is capable of calculating the match tolerance values necessary for spin system grouping. The single peak list and pairwise peak list grouping algorithms are based on the well-known DBSCAN clustering algorithm and are designed to group peaks into spin systems within single peak list as well as between different peak lists.
Smelter, Andrey, "Algorithms for automated assignment of solution-state and solid-state protein NMR spectra." (2017). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 2779.
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