Physics and Astronomy
We present the catalogue of blended galaxy spectra from the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey. These are cases where light from two galaxies are significantly detected in a single GAMA fibre. Galaxy pairs identified from their blended spectrum fall into two principal classes: they are either strong lenses, a passive galaxy lensing an emission-line galaxy; or occulting galaxies, serendipitous overlaps of two galaxies, of any type. Blended spectra can thus be used to reliably identify strong lenses for follow-up observations (high-resolution imaging) and occulting pairs, especially those that are a late-type partly obscuring an early-type galaxy which are of interest for the study of dust content of spiral and irregular galaxies. The GAMA survey setup and its autoz automated redshift determination were used to identify candidate blended galaxy spectra from the cross-correlation peaks. We identify 280 blended spectra with a minimum velocity separation of 600 km s−1, of which 104 are lens pair candidates, 71 emission-line-passive pairs, 78 are pairs of emission-line galaxies and 27 are pairs of galaxies with passive spectra. We have visually inspected the candidates in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and Kilo Degree Survey (KiDS) images. Many blended objects are ellipticals with blue fuzz (Ef in our classification). These latter ‘Ef’ classifications are candidates for possible strong lenses, massive ellipticals with an emission-line galaxy in one or more lensed images. The GAMA lens and occulting galaxy candidate samples are similar in size to those identified in the entire SDSS. This blended spectrum sample stands as a testament of the power of this highly complete, second-largest spectroscopic survey in existence and offers the possibility to expand e.g. strong gravitational lens surveys.
Original Publication Information
Holwerda, B. W., et al. "Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) Blended Spectra Catalogue: Strong Galaxy–Galaxy Lens and Occulting Galaxy Pair Candidates." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 449(4): 4277-4287.
Holwerda, Benne W.; Baldry, I. K.; Alpaslan, M.; Bauer, A. E.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Brough, S.; Brown, M. J. I.; Cluver, M. E.; Conselice, C. J.; Driver, S. P.; Hopkins, A. M.; Jones, D. H.; Lopez-Sanchez, Angel R.; Loveday, J.; Meyer, M. J.; and Moffett, A., "Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) blended spectra catalogue : strong galaxy–galaxy lens and occulting galaxy pair candidates." (2015). Faculty Scholarship. 179.