Physics and Astronomy
Deep ACS slitless grism observations and identification of stellar sources are presented within the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey North and South fields which were obtained in the Probing Evolution And Reionization Spectroscopically (PEARS) program. It is demonstrated that even low-resolution spectra can be a very powerful means of identifying stars in the field, especially low-mass stars with stellar types M0 and later. The PEARS fields lay within the larger GOODS fields, and we used new, deeper images to further refine the selection of stars in the PEARS field, down to a magnitude of z850 = 25 using a newly developed stellarity parameter. The total number of stars with reliable spectroscopic and morphological identification was 95 and 108 in the north and south fields, respectively. The sample of spectroscopically identified stars allows constraints to be set on the thickness of the Galactic thin disk as well as contributions from a thick disk and a halo component. We derive a thin disk scale height, as traced by the population of M4–M9 dwarfs along two independent lines of sight, of hthin = 370+60 −65 pc. When including the more massive M0–M4 dwarf population, we derive hthin = 300 ± 70 pc. In both cases, we observe that we must include a combination of thick and halo components in our models in order to account for the observed numbers of faint dwarfs. The required thick disk scale height is typically hthick = 1000 pc and the acceptable relative stellar densities of the thin disk to thick disk and the thin disk to halo components are in the range of 0.00025 < fhalo < 0.0005 and 0.05 < fthick < 0.08 and are somewhat dependent on whether the more massive M0–M4 dwarfs are included in our sample.
Original Publication Information
Pirzkal, N., et al. "Spectrophotometrically Identified Stars in the PEARS-N and PEARS-S Fields." 2009. The Astrophysical Journal 695(2): 1591-1603.
Pirzkal, N.; Burgasser, A. J.; Malhotra, S.; Holwerda, Benne W.; Sahu, K. C.; Rhoads, J. E.; Xu, C.; Bochanski, J. J.; Walsh, J. R.; Windhorst, R. A.; Hathi, N. P.; and Cohen, S. H., "Spectrophotometrically identified stars in the PEARS-N and PEARS-S fields." (2009). Faculty Scholarship. 240.