Subjective well-being (SWB) is positively associated with improved health outcomes and, in particular, preventative behaviors. Yet, the relationship between SWB and HIV prevention is not well understood, especially in the context of developing countries. Furthermore, young females experience a high burden of HIV as well as sociodemographic factors which influence SWB. Therefore, this descriptive study sought to describe the global landscape of three constructs of SWB - happiness, life satisfaction, and life perception - and the following HIV prevention variables: comprehensive HIV knowledge, HIV testing, and condom use among young adult females aged 15-24 years. Descriptive statistics of Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) data for 22 geographical areas representing 19 countries were examined. While SWB constructs were relatively high, HIV prevention variables were reportedly low, with considerable variation among country reported percentages. Literacy/educational attainment may be an important factor interacting with SWB and HIV prevention. Future research should seek to model associations of these variables via regression analyses in order to gather additional insights and expand the knowledge base regarding the relationship between SWB, literacy, and HIV prevention.
Foggia, Janine and Sebert Kuhlmann, Anne
"Subjective Well-Being and HIV Prevention: A Cross-Country Descriptive Study Using Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey Data,"
Journal of Refugee & Global Health: Vol. 1
, Article 6.
Available at: http://ir.library.louisville.edu/rgh/vol1/iss1/6
Figure 1. Selection of Sample
JRGH_005_Table_1.pdf (7 kB)
Table 1. Descriptive Statistics of Subjective Well-Being and HIV Prevention Variables among Females aged 15-24 from 22 Geographical Areas
JRGH_005_Figure_2.pdf (270 kB)
Figure 2. Subjective Well-Being and Condom Use among Females aged 15-24 by Country