Date on Paper


Document Type

Doctoral Paper

Degree Name




Committee Chair

Beverly William-Coleman

Committee Member

Whitney Nash

Author's Keywords

: human trafficking; human trafficking education; human trafficking training; human trafficking identification; health care; health care professionals; nurses; nursing students; quality improvement


Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery and a violation of human rights (Scanwell, Macdonald, Berger, & Boyer, 2018). An estimated 40.3 million individuals are being trafficked globally at any one time with 14,500 to 17,500 being trafficked within the United States annually (Polaris, 2018; Mason et al., 2016; Richards, 2014). An estimated 87% of human trafficking victims were seen by health care professionals during the time they were being trafficked and went unrecognized. (Lederer & Wetzel, 2014). This project utilized the Plan– Do- Check -Act model for quality improvement. (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, n.d.). This project consisted of a 20-minute online education module for pre-licensure nursing students (undergraduate and Master’s Entry to Professional Nursing [MEPN]) with a self-created, mock video simulation with pre-and post-test measures. Scored pre- and post-tests were analyzed through SPSS and a paired t-test completed. Pre-test mean for undergraduate participants was 58.38 (N= 15). Post-test mean score was 78.71 (N= 13). Pre-test mean for MEPN was 59.13 (N= 25), the post-test mean was 81.2 (N = 22) There is strong evidence (undergraduate: (t = 3.92, p = 0.002), MEPN: (t = 5.303, p = 0.000) the education module increased knowledge level based on scored pre- and post-tests. Based on the reported statistics, the use of educational sessions and training can statistically increase knowledge level and self-perceived ability to identify and refer victims appropriately in this population.

Included in

Nursing Commons