Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name



Civil and Environmental Engineering

Degree Program

Civil Engineering, MS

Committee Chair

Bhaskar, Nageshwar

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

French, Mark

Committee Member

French, Mark

Committee Member

Sluss, Tamara

Author's Keywords

E. Coli; dissolved oxygen; mill creek; urban sprawl


Urban streams can be impacted by a multitude of hydrologic and environmental factors, making maintaining these water sources difficult. Urbanization can exacerbate these impacts creating new challenges in preserving suitable urban stream water quality. Urbanization is the development of city landscape and suburban living within an otherwise natural region. For this environmental impact study, the effects of city development on urban stream water quality was monitored for Mill Creek in Louisville, Kentucky. To study the effects of urbanization on Mill Creek, this project was completed utilizing the BACI method for comparing impacts. The results of the water quality monitoring were acceptable for water quality standards in Kentucky in the categories of pH, water temperature, and conductivity from July 19th to August 14th of 2019. The dissolved oxygen concentration in the creek was below the standard for Kentucky regulations. The e. coli concentration of the studied creek were above regulations for state water quality standards in almost the entire stretch of Mill Creek (5 of 6 sampling locations). The e. coli was highest on the days of precipitation, while the dissolved oxygen was lowest in times of limited to no rainfall with rising temperatures. The e. coli concentration was a result of the high percentages of impervious pavements within the region leading to runoff of pollutants residing on urban surfaces. The dissolved oxygen was a result of reduced mixing of the water column in low flow with no rainfall. The conclusion was that urbanization is having an effect on these two parameters and will continue to deteriorate these water conditions if trends in city runoff and environmental destruction continue.