Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

M. Eng.


Chemical Engineering

Degree Program

Chemical Engineering, MS

Committee Chair

Gupta, Gautam

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Ghorbanian, Mahyar

Committee Member

Ghorbanian, Mahyar

Committee Member

Ghasemi Fare, Omid

Author's Keywords

Sol-Gel; Wastewater; Heavy Metals


Various waste encapsulation strategies have been investigated to solidify and stabilize heavy metal wastewater for proper long-term storage. This work aims to enhance a method of novel sol-gel encapsulation of heavy metals from mock brine waters using tetramethyl orthosilicate with the addition of an annealing step at various temperatures in order to reduce leaching of metals from the silica monoliths when exposed to water. The metals tested for encapsulation and leaching were mercury (II) chloride, potassium dichromate, sodium selenite, boric acid, cadmium chloride, and copper (II) acetate. The annealing of the silica monoliths led to an increased degree of for both anionic and cationic contaminants.