Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name



Pan-African Studies

Degree Program

Pan-African Studies, MA

Committee Chair

Tkweme, W.S.

Committee Member

Pumphrey, Shelby

Committee Member

Jones, Yvonne

Author's Keywords

Reproductive justice; Black women; grassroots organizing


Since enslavement in the United States Black women have cultivated different ways to fight for their Reproductive Justice. After emancipation Black women have continued to utilize the practices learned from our ancestors to obtain Reproductive Justice. Despite the women’s movement becoming mainstream in the 1960s many Black women continued to grassroots organize to adequately address the issues that were unique to them. The efforts of various Black women organizers tend to go unacknowledged because the mainstream women’s movement attracts the attention of most. In my research I focused on Byllye Avery, Loretta Ross, and Toni Bond to explore and showcase how Black women have utilized grassroots organizing to achieve Reproductive Justice. The method that guided my research was primary sourced archives from Smith College and the Chicago Regional Library. My research proved that for Black women to obtain Reproductive Justice, the utilization of grassroots organizing must be present.