Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name



Geography and Geosciences

Degree Program

Geography (Applied), MS

Committee Chair

Gaughan, Andrea Elizabeth Gaughan

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Stevens, Forrest R.

Committee Member

Ruther, Matthew H.

Author's Keywords

Linear transect; windowed cross correlation; land use change; spatiotemporal; socio-demographic


Rapid urban growth accelerates various features characteristic of rural-urban environments as they change from urban cores to rural areas. This study examines land use change along a rural-urban continuum for two different cities: Louisville, USA, and Rangpur, Bangladesh. Different key land use patterns are compared within and across these different city contexts from 2000 to 2020. Land use change and comparing its spatiotemporal factors are useful metrics to better understand the patterns of development, socio-demographic change, and the uniqueness of cities. Spatial and temporal patterns of sociodemographic and biophysical components of land use provide important information for identifying transition zones from primarily urban, central city cores to primarily rural areas. For this study, a linear transect approach is employed for data extraction from various gridded and earth observation layers that are associated with different covariates and/or variables of land use and demography. After data extraction, a windowed cross-correlation method provides insight into the relationships of variables (total population and built-up surface area) across the distance from a pre-determined urban center. By using windowed cross correlation between two variables transition zones between urban and rural areas are identified. We conclude that the features characteristic of rural and urban v environments are different in different development contexts and that standardized thresholds using this approach are likely to be inappropriate for contexts as dissimilar as Louisville and Rangpur.