Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

M.M. Ed.


Music Education

Committee Chair

Amchin, Robert A.

Author's Keywords

Intonation; Middle school; Flute; Teaching; Band; Singing


Intonation (Musical pitch); Flute--Intonation; Singing--Intonation; Music--Instruction and study


The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of listening to and singing a tuning pitch on a flute player's intonation. This investigation determines if these two variables-hearing and singing-will have an effect on playing a single pitch, particularly among beginning flutists. Participants (N = 33) were middle school flute players with between one and four years experience playing their instrument. Participants were sampled from a major school district in the Southeast. Participants were asked to tune a control instrument to a pre-recorded Bb chord and a single Bb pitch as played by an electric piano. After resetting the instrument to the original position, participants heard the same chord and pitch but they were then asked to sing the Bb note on the neutral syllable "la" before adjusting the flute and playing a second time. Results were measured in cents using computer. The differences in intonation between the tuning of the Bb without singing showed no significant difference from when the participants sang the pitch before tuning. Suggestions for future research applications are included.