Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Cunningham, Michael R.
Mental illness; Disclosure; Stigma; Stereotypes; Experiment; Social distance
Stereotypes (Social psychology); Schizophrenics--Social conditions; Mentally ill--Social conditions; Mental illness--Public opinion
The current study examined how Disclosure, Stereotype Disconfirming Information, and Stereotype Disconfirming Information and Disclosure Combined) influences an individual's stigma (stereotype endorsement, emotional reactions, and discrimination) against individuals with Schizophrenia and Depression. The results of this experiment suggest that both Stereotype Disconfirming Information and Disclosure are successful in reducing stereotypes, emotional reactions, and social distance in the context of an interpersonal encounter. Self-disclosure, however, is stronger in increasing Pity and decreasing the desire for Social Distance than Stereotype Disconfirming Information. The combination of Stereotype Disconfirming Information and Disclosure provided the strongest stigma reduction, suggesting that Disclosure can benefit from the addition of Stereotype Disconfirming Information. However, our study also suggests that these strategies may have different effects depending on the disorder in question. The implication of these results and directions for future studies will be discussed.
Meyer, Nicole Leigh 1983-, "The effects of stereotype disconfirming information and self-disclosure on stereotype endorsement, prejudice, and social tolerance of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder." (2011). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 969.