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Private small companies have been the subject of much interest by accounting regulators recently. The AICPA issued SSARS 19 and the Financial Reporting Framework for Small- and Medium-Sized Entities in 2009 and 2013, respectively. The Financial Accounting Foundation issued the Blue Ribbon Panel Report on Standard Setting for Private Companies in 2011. This is apparently the first study to compare reporting practices of small private companies whose financial statements are compiled or reviewed.

Overall results indicate that reviewed companies tend to exhibit positive abnormal production while compiled companies tend to exhibit negative abnormal production. However, for the companies most likely to engage in earnings management, only separately taxable reviewed entities tend to manage earnings higher to meet earnings benchmarks. External users of reviewed and compiled statements should be aware of the tendencies of the different types of entities to manage production and inventory levels.

Original Publication Information

Foster, Benjamin P. "Impact of Non-audit Assurance Level (Compilation Versus Review) on Production Management of Private Manufacturing Companies." 2015. Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal 19(2): 91-102.