Objective: To determine the association between 30-day mortality with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and quick SOFA (qSOFA) in emergency department patients with pneumonia. Secondary outcomes included the association of sepsis scores with hospital admission and direct ICU admission.
Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a pneumonia population conducted in the emergency department of 3 tertiary care medical centers and 4 community hospitals. Adult immunocompetent patients diagnosed with pneumonia were included from 3 twelve-month periods spanning December 2009 to October 2015. We generated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values for each sepsis score for our primary outcome of 30-day mortality and secondarily for hospital admission and direct ICU admission. We also created logistic regression models to assess associations of individual score components to the outcomes.
Results:We studied 6931 patients with mean (SD) age 58 (20) years, and 30 day all-cause mortality rate 7%. Hospital and ICU admission rate was 63% and 16% respectively. Sepsis by SIRS was present in 70% of patients. Only respiratory rate and white blood count of the SIRS criteria were associated with 30-day mortality (OR=2.42 [1.94, 3.03] and 2.06 [1.68, 2.54] respectively, both p
Conclusions: In emergency department patients with pneumonia, qSOFA outperformed SIRS in relation to 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes also showed better performance of qSOFA in hospital and ICU admission compared to SIRS. SOFA performed better than qSOFA and SIRS for all outcomes except ICU admission.
Intermountain Research and Medical Foundation
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Mecham, Ian D.; Dean, Nathan C.; Wilson, Emily L.; Jephson, Al R.; and Lanpsa, Michael J.
"The Association of qSOFA, SOFA, and SIRS with Mortality in Emergency Department Pneumonia,"
The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections: Vol. 2
, Article 4.
Available at: https://ir.library.louisville.edu/jri/vol2/iss2/4