Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 8-13-2021


Student Research Opportunities Program


- Parent-child interactions during the first five years of life have been associated with the child’s social and cognitive development (Edwards, Sheridan, & Knoche, 2008).

- The amount and quality of parent-child interactions may be associated with a parent’s mental health (Milkie et al., 2020).

- Mothers with depression tend to show increased withdrawal and intrusion from their infants during interactions than non-depressed mothers (Field, 1995).

- Increased distractions from technology during parentchild interactions may be associated with differences in infants’ social and cognitive development (Reed, Hirsch- Pasek, and Golinkoff, 2017).

- Technoference refers to the, sometimes invasive and persuasive, interference of technology that may influence the way one interacts with others (McDaniel & Coyne, 2016).

- Maternal depression has been associated with increased technoference in some studies, but it has not influenced technoference scores in others (Newsham, Drouin, & McDaniel, 2020), (McDaniel & Radesky, 2020).

- Greater technology usage has been associated with parental anxiety (McDaniel & Radesky, 2020).

- Increased parental stress has been associated with greater technoference (McDaniel & Radesky, 2020).

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Psychology Commons