This research creates a theoretical framework for understanding the effect of Internet voting on the electorate. Based on standard Downsian rational choice voting theory, we claim that Internet voting lowers the cost of voting for certain voting demographics based upon race, age, and income.We further contend that this electoral advantage may crystallize the growing turnout disparity be-tween demographic groups. The theory is tested using Bayesian inferential methods with data from the Internet turnout in the 2000 Arizona Democratic Presidential Primary merged with demographic data obtained from the 2000 Census. Our findings lend support for the theory that the Internet provides an electoral bias towards white voters, younger voters, and to the more affluent.
Original Publication Information
This article was originally published in American Review of Politics, volume 28, in 2007.
Gainous, Jason and Wagner, Kevin M., "The electronic ballot box : class, age and racial bias on the Internet." (2007). Faculty Scholarship. Paper 36.