Date on Paper
Coty, Mary Beth
alcohol screening; primary care; college students; student health services; alcohol abuse; health care providers
Excessive alcohol use in the United States creates serious economic, health, and mortality problems (CountyHealthRankings, 2018). College students experience high rates of use, binge drinking, and 20% of college students meet the criteria for alcohol use disorder [AUD] (NIH, 2014). Screening by healthcare providers (HCPs) in the student health setting is critical and a recommended strategy for reducing negative consequences of alcohol use experienced by college students (US Preventive Services Task Force, 2018).
Aims: The objective of this project was to implement an alcohol screening program among college-age undergraduate students in a university student health center.
Methods: HCPs who work at the student health center completed a 10-item pre-test questionnaire assessing knowledge of alcohol use and abuse among college students, and implementation and interpretation of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) instrument. HCPs participated in a 30-minute educational presentation provided by the DNP student and following completed a post-test. Subsequently, HCPs implemented a 30-day screening period using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test-C (AUDIT-C).
Results: Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics to describe the sample and assess alcohol misuse/abuse among college students and Related-samples Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test to assess differences among educational outcomes from baseline to completion of the study.
Findings: Using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test to evaluate HCP alcohol-related knowledge level, results were non-significant (p value = .084). All students who completed the AUDIT-C scored 0, which is a negative screen for alcohol misuse/abuse.
Newcomb, Tiffany Slaughter, "Alcohol misuse and abuse among college students: an implementation of a screening program." (2020). Doctor of Nursing Practice Papers. Paper 107.
Retrieved from https://ir.library.louisville.edu/dnp/107