Date on Paper


Document Type

Doctoral Paper

Degree Name




Committee Chair

Ross, Ratchneewan

Committee Member

Huntington-Moskos, Luz

Author's Keywords

Mobile vaccination, vaccination equity, vaccination, COVID-19 pandemic, emergency preparedness, public health


In response to the urgent need for mobile COVID-19 vaccination clinics, the Kentucky Nurses Association (KNA) developed a standardized training program aimed at equipping nurse leaders with the necessary tools and resources for safe and efficient vaccine administration, free of vaccination errors, during mobile vaccination clinics. The purpose of this study was to assess the process effectiveness of the training program as perceived by team leaders and evaluate the number and types of vaccination errors during these clinics. The CDC’s Logic Model served as the framework for this project. The interventions included team leaders undergoing standardized training outlined in the standard operating procedures; this training included multiple and regularly updated training materials used to enhance the training process and the recording of vaccination errors as they occurred. A 7-item Likert scale (Cronbach alpha = .82), one select-all-that-apply question, and an open-ended question based on the Logic Model were used to measure the training program's effectiveness as perceived by participants. Results showed that all 12 team leaders strongly agreed on the necessity of a standardized training process, the importance of staying up to date on vaccine administration, and their feelings of preparedness and competence in running a vaccination clinic. Statistical significance was not found at the item and scale levels between nurses with different years of experience in vaccine administration. Analysis of KNA records showed that only 9 vaccination errors occurred for a total of 8086 administered vaccines over a 16-month period of mobile vaccination clinics, yielding a low error rate of 0.001%. These findings suggest that the training program was successful at preventing vaccination errors and that team leaders collectively perceived the training program as effective.

Included in

Nursing Commons