Date on Paper


Document Type

Doctoral Paper



Committee Chair

Ruth Staten

Committee Member

Whitney Nash

Author's Keywords

health provider/mental health/physician/nurse burnout; mindfulness; KORU©; MBI, KIMS, HBM


Burnout has been recognized as a barrier to quality care and expected patient outcomes for nearly 50 years (Freudenberger, 1974). Burnout, an “occupational phenomenon”, a syndrome of untreated chronic work-place stress, (WHO, 2019). Burnout has three factors: emotional exhaustion described as depletion of energy, depersonalization characterized by, increased levels of detachment; finally, reduced feelings of personal accomplishment with reduced feelings of professional efficacy. Health care providers (HCPs), Mental Health Providers (MHPs) and staff providing care in substance use disorder programs, experience high levels of burnout. Mindfulness practices have demonstrated efficacy in reducing burnout among HCPs.

Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to provide a four-week, 75-minute mindfulness program (© 2019 The Center for Koru Mindfulness®) for staff (N = 8) working in a non-profit women’s residential treatment program to increase mindfulness and reduce burnout.

Results: The Completer’s (N=5) reflected belief in burnout and belief mindfulness may be beneficial to reduce burnout. In comparison, on the pretest, both completers (N=5), and

non completers (N=3) had high levels of burnout demonstrated by a lowered sense of personal accomplishment and moderate levels of emotional exhaustion. Non-Completers scored twice the level of depersonalization, on the pretest. The KIMS scale, the original (N=8) scored moderate to low knowledge of mindfulness. Final comparison of pre and post test of Completers, (n=5), improved scores in: HPBA, MBI, and KIMS scale’s decreased burnout on the MBI, increased levels of mindfulness on the KIMS.

Included in

Nursing Commons