Date on Paper


Document Type

Doctoral Paper

Degree Name




Committee Chair

Whitney Nash

Committee Member

Celeste Shawler

Author's Keywords

Adolescents; coaches; community intervention' evidence based practice; football; role models; skin cancer prevention; sun safety; sunscreen use; youth athletes


Ultraviolet radiation during childhood increases a person's risk for skin cancer later in life. Research has provided support for a multifaceted intervention that targets youth in order to decrease these future risks. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the implementation of an intervention that taught youth athletic football coaches and parent helpers to act as role models and influence sun safe behavior in their youth athletes in order to help reduce the carcinogenic effects of UV radiation in the future. The intervention consisted of a one-hour training session with coaches and parent helpers of a youth football team that focused on sun protection for youth and the responsibilities of coaches and parents helpers as role models for sun safety. The intervention was based on Social Cognitive Theory and aimed to increase sun safety knowledge, positive attitudes toward sun protection, and self-efficacy expectation of coaches and parent helpers. Effectiveness of the intervention was measured via self-reported pre and post-test and analysis of the variables were compared via paired t-test using SPSS. The intervention increased coach and parent helper's sun protection efforts, self-efficacy, and sun safety procedural knowledge. It decreased the symptoms of sun protection efforts that the coaches and parent helpers were experiencing prior to the intervention.

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Nursing Commons