Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name




Committee Chair

Carreiro, Margaret Mary

Author's Keywords

Urban ecology; Residential trees; Environmental justice; Tree storm damage; Ufore model; Ecosystem services


Trees in cities--Kentucky--Louisville; Urban forestry--Kentucky--Louisville; Louisville (Ky.)--Environmental conditions


Trees in urban residential neighborhoods provide valuable ecosystem services. Urban trees also face threats from disturbances, such as storms. In 2008, the Urban Forest Effects model was used to estimate abundance and species composition of residential trees and their ecosystem services in 10 of 26 council districts in Louisville, Kentucky. Ten tree species were found to compose half of the estimated 822,576 residential trees in the ten districts, with Celtis occidentalis being most numerous. The ability of sociodemographic and housing variables to predict the distribution of trees and ecosystem services was weak. The strongest relationships were found between % single home and % owner resident and tree number, species richness, and Shannon diversity. After two record-breaking storms in 2008 and 2009, tree canopy losses were found to be 7.9 % with concomitant decreases in ecosystem services. A survey showed only 33% of residents intended to replant lost trees.