Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Industrial Engineering

Committee Chair

Heragu, Sunderesh S.

Author's Keywords

Strategic National Stockpile; Location model; Large-scale emergency response; Humanitarian logistics; Vehicle routing problem


Emergency management--Kentucky; Assistance in emergencies--Kentucky; Disaster relief--Kentucky; Transportation--Planning


Large-scale emergencies caused by earthquake, tornado, pandemic flu, terrorism attacks and so on can wreak havoc to communities. In order to mitigate the impact of the events, emergency stockpiles of food, water, medicine and other materials have been set up around the US to be delivered to the affected areas during relief operations. One type of stockpile is called the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS). The SNS logistics network is designed to have multiple stages of facilities, each of which is managed by different levels of governmental authorities - federal, state and local authorities. The design of a logistics network for delivery of the SNS materials within a state are explored in this dissertation. There are three major areas of focus in this dissertation: (1) the SNS facility location model, which is used to determine sites for locating Receiving, Staging and Storage (RSS) and Regional Distribution Nodes (RDNs) to form a logistics network to deliver relief material to Points of Demand (PODs), where the materials are directly delivered to the affected population; (2) the SNS Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP), which is used to assist the SNS staff in determining the numbers of various types of trucks, and the routing schedules of each truck to develop an operational plan for delivering the required relief materials to the assigned PODs within the required duration; (3) the location-routing analysis of emergency scenarios, in which the facility location model and the VRP solution are integrated through the use of a computer program to run on several assumed emergency scenarios. Using real data from the department of public health in the Commonwealth of Kentucky, a transshipment and location model is formulated to determine the facility locations and the transshipment quantities of materials; a multiple-vehicle routing model allowing split deliveries and multiple routes per vehicle that must be completed within a required duration is formulated to determine the routing and scheduling of trucks. The facility location model is implemented using Microsoft Solver Foundation and C#. An algorithm combining the Clark and Wright saving algorithm and Simulated Annealing is designed and implemented in C# to solve the VRP. The algorithm can determine whether there is shortage of transportation capacity, and if so, how many of various types of trucks should be added for optimal performance. All the solution algorithms are integrated into a web-based SNS planning tool. In the location-routing analysis of emergency scenarios, a binary location model and an algorithm for solving VRP solution are integrated as a computer program to forecast the feasibility of distribution plans and the numbers of required trucks of various types. The model also compares the costs and benefits of direct and indirect shipment. A large-scale emergency scenario in which a specific type of vaccine is required to be delivered to the entire state of Kentucky is considered. The experiments are designed based on the real data provided by the Kentucky state government. Thus the experimental results provide valuable suggestions for future SNS preparedness planning.