Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.

Department (Legacy)

Department of Teaching and Learning

Committee Chair

Bauder, Debra K.

Author's Keywords

Urban education; Read 180; Corrective Reading; Middle school students; Reading


Reading (Middle school); Reading disability


The middle school years are most difficult because students now have to use reading to learn in all content areas. Low-performing students who daily face reading difficulties in school often feel helpless in their desire to become better readers and may develop poor self efficacy toward reading. Furthermore, these students may experience reading failure at a higher rate than their same age middle school peers. The current study examined two reading programs, Read 180 and Corrective Reading , and the impact they have on the self-efficacy of 216 middle school students. The results provided information regarding what factors of self-efficacy improved reading. Also, the results indicated that Read 180 program provided statistically significant results leading to positive change from pretest to posttest for low-performing middle school students in one of the schools.