Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name




Degree Program

Anthropology, MA

Committee Chair

Haws, Jonathan A.

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

DiBlasi, Phil

Committee Member

Hanchette, Carol


Indians of North America--Southwest, New--Antiquities; Excavations (Archaeology)--Southwest, New; Human ecology--Southwest, New--History; Southwest, New--Antiquities


Excavations at Ghost Ranch of two hunter-gatherer rock shelters, GR-2 and GR-145, offer new opportunities for assessing prehistoric land-use in the Piedra Lumbre Basin of northcentral New Mexico. Intersite analysis of these remains provides new data for understanding subsistence organization during the Southwestern Archaic and Formative periods. Faunal and floral assemblages from the two sites, located five km apart and overlapping chronologically, suggest divergent patterns of resource collection, processing, and use by groups taking up temporary residence in a seasonal round. I argue that economic agency provides the best explanation for the sites’ differentiated remains. Furthermore, I propose that, based on this and related evidence, the divisions of labor characteristic of agricultural societies might have their origin in specialized behaviors practiced in discrete locations by prehistoric foraging peoples.

Included in

Anthropology Commons