Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering

Degree Program

Electrical Engineering, MS

Committee Chair

Farag, Aly A.

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Naber, John

Committee Member

Alphenaar, Bruce

Committee Member

Nasraoui, Olfa


Teeth--Radiography; Three-dimensional imaging in medicine; Computer vision in medicine


Object modeling is a fundamental problem in engineering, involving talents from computer-aided design, computational geometry, computer vision and advanced manufacturing. The process of object modeling takes three stages: sensing, representation, and analysis. Various sensors may be used to capture information about objects; optical cam- eras and laser scanners are common with rigid objects, while X-ray, CT and MRI are common with biological organs. These sensors may provide a direct or indirect inference about the object, requiring a geometric representation in the computer that is suitable for subsequent usage. Geometric representations that are compact, i.e., capture the main features of the objects with minimal number of data points or vertices, fall into the domain of computational geometry. Once a compact object representation is in the computer, various analysis steps can be conducted, including recognition, coding, transmission, etc. The subject matter of this thesis is object reconstruction from a sequence of optical images. An approach to estimate the depth of the visible portion of the human teeth from intraoral cameras has been developed, extending the classical shape from shading (SFS) solution to non-Lambertian surfaces with known object illumination characteristics. To augment the visible portion, and in order to have the entire jaw reconstructed without the use of CT or MRI or even X-rays, additional information will be added to database of human jaws. This database has been constructed from an adult population with variations in teeth size, degradation and alignments. The database contains both shape and albedo information for the population. Using this database, a novel statistical shape from shading (SSFS) approach has been created. To obtain accurate result from shape from shading and statistical shape from shading, final step will be integrated two approaches (SFS,SSFS) by using Iterative Closest Point algorithm (ICP). Keywords: computer vision, shading, 3D shape reconstruction, shape from shading, statistical, shape from shading, Iterative Closest Point.