Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Health and Sport Sciences
Exercise Physiology, MS
Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)
Terson de Paleville, Daniela
Down syndrome; vestibular stimulation; balance
Children with Down Syndrome (DS) are delayed in motor development and coordination which contributes to poor balance. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the utilization of vestibular stimulation exercises would influence balance in children with DS. Methods: Eighteen participants (13years ±4.923) completed the study. Group one consisted of 10 (6 male, 4 female) participants with DS and ranged in age from 5-14 years. Group two consisted of eight (4 male, 4 female) participants with DS and ranged in age from 15-20 years. Eight subtests of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP) were used for pre and post-testing focusing on bilateral coordination, balance, running speed and agility, upper limb coordination, and strength. The intervention, the vestibular stimulation exercises, consisted of 15 exercise stations performed 2 times per week for 6 weeks. A trained instructor accompanied each subject during participation to reduce risk of injury. Results: Results indicated that group one had significant improvements in upper limb coordination (P=0.013) and speed and agility (P=0.001). Group two showed significant improvements in balance (P=0.009), upper limb coordination (P=0.003), and speed and agility (P=0.002). Conclusion: An early intervention that utilizes vestibular stimulation exercises may improve balance in children with Down Syndrome.
Sunderman, Sarah, "The effect of vestibular stimulation exercises on balance in children with Down syndrome." (2016). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 2403.