Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Pressure groups--Case studies; Pressure groups--Ecuador; International relations--Research; Ecuador--Foreign relations
The transnational advocacy campaign against Ecuador's second oil-transporting pipeline, the Oleoducto de Crudo Pesado, had no impact on that state's endorsement of the project and only a negligible effect on related social and environmental policies. This outcome is at odds with the theoretical formulation advanced by Keck and Sikkink which holds that certain transnational advocacy campaigns can act as agents of state-level policy changes. While Keck and Sikkink locate causal variables of campaign outcome on the levels of the campaign and the state, the Oleoducto de Crudo Pesado case signals the need to further incorporate international-level analysis and to investigate the implications of this third dimension for transnational advocacy campaign outcome. The case study presented herein suggests that theories of transnational advocacy sacrifice predictive power by ignoring the extent to which international economic and political structures can shape the preferences of states.
Christensen, Isabella Marie 1977-, "Transnational advocacy networks in the international system : lessons from Ecuador." (2007). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 249.