Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Educational Leadership, Evaluation and Organizational Development

Degree Program

Educational Leadership and Organizational Development, PhD

Committee Chair

Immekus, Jason C

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Ingle, W. Kyle

Committee Member

Ingle, W. Kyle

Committee Member

Carpenter, Bradley

Committee Member

Munoz, Marco

Author's Keywords

student background factors; school factors; student assignment; college readiness


In 2006, Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education determined race-based student assignment plans violated the 14th Amendment. Through the assistance of Orfield and Frankenberg (2011), Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS) reconfigured the district’s race-based student assignment and implemented a race- and socioeconomic-based student assignment plan. The purpose of this study was to examine students’ backgrounds and school composition factors within a race- and socioeconomic-based assignment plan to determine the extent the factors are related to college readiness. Based on data obtained from 3,018 Grade 11 students, hierarchical linear multiple regression was used to examine the utility of student background, school factors, and neighborhood factors to predict ACT scores. The predictors were found to explain 72.4%, 64.4%, and 57.4% of variance in ACT English, Mathematics, and Reading scores, respectively. Implications to policy, practice, and research are discussed.