Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Educational Leadership, Evaluation and Organizational Development

Degree Program

Educational Leadership and Organizational Development, PhD

Committee Chair

Cumberland, Denise

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Alagaraja, Meera

Committee Member

Valentine, Jeffrey

Committee Member

Balkin, Richard

Author's Keywords

work groups and teams; workplace productivity; social value orientation; HRD


The purpose of this study is to examine research on effective work groups in terms of measurable input characteristics and relevant collective outputs. Antecedents and consequences of group processes are explored; models of work groups and teams are examined and assessed in light of subsequent research. Additionally, social value orientation – a behavioral trait known to predictably influence interpersonal outcomes – is introduced as a concept that is also relevant to group work. A revised model that includes social value orientation as a predictive factor for group productivity is presented and tested. This empirical study is a correlative, quantitative investigation of extant work groups and teams within the United States Army Recruiting Command. Primary statistical tools are multilevel modeling and Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulations. Key results include identifying group potency as the most predictive variable of performance and providing evidence that social value orientation is significantly related to group productivity over and above other included variables. Implications and discussion of relevance to human resource development (HRD) are included.