Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Electrical and Computer Engineering
UAV; Testbed; Quadrotor; Dynamic modeling; Optimal control; Trajectory generation; Trajectory tracking iv
Drone aircraft--Research; Drone aircraft--Testing
This dissertation is about building a Multiple Air Robotics Indoor Testbed (MARIT) for the purpose of developing and validating new methodologies for collaboration and cooperation between heterogeneous Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) as well as expandable to air-and-ground vehicle teams. It introduces a mathematical model for simulation and control of quadrotor Small UAVs (SUAVs). The model is subsequently applied to design an autonomous quadrotor control and tracking system. The dynamics model of quadrotor SUAV is used in several control designs. Each control design is simulated and compared. Based on the comparison, the superior control design is use for experimental flights. Two methods are used to evaluate the control and collect real-time data. The Nonlinear Trajectory Generation (NTG) software package is used to provide optimal trajectories for the SUAVs in MARIT. The dynamics model of the quadrotor is programmed in NTG and various obstacle avoidance scenarios are modeled to establish a platform for optimal trajectory generation for SUAVs. To challenge the capability of NTG for real-time trajectory generation, random obstacles and disturbances are simulated. Various flight simulations validate this trajectory tracking approach.
Cui, Yinan, "MARIT : the design, implementation and trajectory generation with NTG for small UAVs." (2013). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 296.