Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Degree Program

Electrical Engineering, PhD

Committee Chair

Michael, Michael

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Inanc, Tamer

Committee Member

Inanc, Tamer

Committee Member

Cohn, Robert

Committee Member

Richards, Christopher

Author's Keywords

single-stage photovoltaic system; maximum power point tracking; nonlinear control; active and reactive power; single-phase system; three-phase system


Nowadays, due to the high-scale penetration of photovoltaic systems, reliable and efficient grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems utilizing the advances of power electronics and control system technology are desirable. Thus, single-stage grid-connected photovoltaic systems, have gained attention, especially in low voltage applications. However, PV systems exhibit nonlinear behavior that could negatively affect the performance of the system if they are not adequately compensated for. In this dissertation, using the general structure for the synchronous dq0 frame, a single-stage three-phase grid-connected photovoltaic system, and a single-stage single-phase grid-connected PV system, both with a nonlinear control strategy, are developed to track the maximum power and to control the active and reactive power, without the necessity of an additional power converter. A novel trajectory of the reference current is obtained online taking into account the dynamics of the DC link capacitor and the switching function of the inverter. Unlike to the three-phase system, the single-phase system includes a novel method to mitigate the double line-frequency current ripple of the PV array, which is the major drawback of the single-phase PV inverter. Moreover, based on the preceded work, the nonlinear controller is combined with adaptive control to estimate the unknown disturbances that physically could appear in the circuit and affect the performance of the system. The stability of the systems and boundedness of signals are demonstrated by Lyapunov stability analysis. Simulation results show the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed controllers to track the maximum power and to control the active and reactive power.