Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name



Fine Arts

Degree Program

Art (Creative) and Art History

Committee Chair

Reitz, Christopher

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Kim, Jongwoo Jeremy

Committee Member

Kim, Jongwoo Jeremy

Committee Member

Hadley, Karen

Author's Keywords

landscape painting; eighteenth-century; English; Grand Tour; associationism


In the early eighteenth century, both English and French artists traveled to Rome to study the great seventeenth-century landscape artists --Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin in particular—at the source. The English were motivated by a combination of reverence for the ancient, classical world, an associative imagination and a burgeoning competitive art market. The French, by an equal regard for antiquity and the pragmatic desire to complete the requirements of the monopolistic French Academy. While English landscape painting evolved away from the idealism of Claude to a modern naturalism imbued with the artist’s subjective response to a visual experience, French landscape painting for the most part continued with the intellectual, idealistic compositions of the century before. This thesis suggests some of the reasons why landscape painting thrived in England during the eighteenth century while it stagnated in France, when both concurrently shared the same origins.