Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Electrical Engineering, PhD
Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)
spinal cord injury; epidural stimulation; MRI; EMG
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most common sources of motor disabilities in humans that often deeply impact the quality of life in individuals with severe and chronic SCI. In this dissertation, we have developed advanced engineering tools to address three distinct problems that researchers, clinicians and patients are facing in SCI research. Particularly, we have proposed a fully automated stochastic framework to quantify the effects of SCI on muscle size and adipose tissue distribution in skeletal muscles by volumetric segmentation of 3-D MRI scans in individuals with chronic SCI as well as non-disabled individuals. We also developed a novel framework for robust and automatic activation detection, feature extraction and visualization of the spinal cord epidural stimulation (scES) effects across a high number of scES parameters to build individualized-maps of muscle recruitment patterns of scES. Finally, in the last part of this dissertation, we introduced an EMG time-frequency analysis framework that implements EMG spectral analysis and machine learning tools to characterize EMG patterns resulting in independent or assisted standing enabled by scES, and identify the stimulation parameters that promote muscle activation patterns more effective for standing. The neurotechnological advancements proposed in this dissertation have greatly benefited SCI research by accelerating the efforts to quantify the effects of SCI on muscle size and functionality, expanding the knowledge regarding the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in re-enabling motor function with epidural stimulation and the selection of stimulation parameters and helping the patients with complete paralysis to achieve faster motor recovery.
Mesbah, Samineh, "Automatic signal and image-based assessments of spinal cord injury and treatments." (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 3174.