Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name



Communicative Disorders

Degree Program

Communicative Disorders, MS

Committee Chair

Mattingly, Rhonda

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Pitts, Teresa

Committee Member

Pitts, Teresa

Committee Member

Smith, Alan

Author's Keywords

neonatal abstinence syndrome; self efficacy; parental self efficacy; maternal self efficacy; demographic risk factors; demographic protective factors


This study sought to identify demographic risk and protective factors that may relate to parental self-efficacy in biological and foster mothers caring for infants prenatally exposed to opioids. The study also examined whether participation in treatment for biological mothers and in training for foster mothers was associated with parental self-efficacy. Forty-nine women (21 biological mothers and 28 foster mothers) were surveyed. Measures included demographic, treatment, and training information. A single-item, self-report measure was used to assess satisfaction with support from friends using an item from the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Bref scale (Skevington, Lotfy, & O'Connell, 2004). The Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale was used to measure mothers’ parental self-efficacy (Črnčec, Barnett, & Matthey, 2008). Results found significant differences in demographic representation between biological and foster mothers, but did not find a significant association between parental self-efficacy and participation in treatment for biological mothers or in training for foster mothers.