Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Educational Leadership, Evaluation and Organizational Development

Degree Program

Educational Leadership and Organizational Development, PhD

Committee Chair

Alagaraja, Meera

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Choi, Namok

Committee Member

Choi, Namok

Committee Member

Shuck, Brad

Committee Member

Gatto, Keith

Author's Keywords

job crafting; leisure crafting; work engagement; job performance; psychological well being


This study looks at how an individuals’ ability to job craft relates to work engagement, job performance and their psychological well-being; and when job crafting opportunities are low, how leisure crafting can compensate to provide the individual similar personal outcomes. This study also examines when job-crafting opportunities are high, how these positive effects can spillover onto other aspects of an individuals’ life such as leisure. This study also examines the extent to which an individual views work as a mean of self-identification and how this relates to job crafting. A total of 303 respondents met the inclusion criteria and completed the survey. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze collected data and determine the best fitting model. The results show ORS having a strong and statistical significant predictive effect on both JC and LC, though there was no dual interaction between LC and JC. Based on the conclusions, an individuals’ self identification to work (the extent to which work defines who a person is) has a significant effect on their likelihood of engaging in job crafting; the same self identification to work has a significant effect on their likelihood of engaging in leisure crafting which also has a significant effect on their ability to job craft. The relationships and effects that ORS has on JC and LC as well as the relationship of LC to JC creates significant impact on WE, PWB and JP. This study yields two key findings: the intervening effect of leisure crafting on job crafting and the predictive value of occupational role salience within this model.