Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Physics and Astronomy

Degree Program

Physics, PhD

Committee Chair

Sumanasekera, Gamini

Committee Member

Yu, Ming

Committee Member

Smadici, Serban

Committee Member

Narayanan, Badri

Author's Keywords

Li-S battery; rechargeable Li-S battery; solid-state battery; solid-state electrolytes; battery cathodes


Lithium-Sulfur (Li-S) batteries have become a promising candidate to meet the current energy storage demand, with its natural abundance of materials, high theoretical capacity of 1672 mAhg-1, high energy density of 2600 Whkg-1, low cost and lower environmental impact. Sulfide based solid state electrolytes (SSEs) have received greater attention due to their higher ionic conductivity, compatible interface with sulfur-based cathodes, and lower grain boundary resistance. However, the interface between SSEs and cathodes has become a challenge in all solid-state Li-S batteries due to the rigidity of the participating surfaces. A hybrid electrolyte containing SSE coupled with a small amount of ionic liquid, was essential to improve the interface contact of the SSE with the electrodes. Coating-based cathodes were successfully fabricated using water-based carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solution and Styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) as the binder with low sulfur loading (0.70 mgcm-2) as well as high sulfur loading (4.0 mgcm-2). Solid-state composite

powder-based cathodes pressed onto SSE (loading 4.0 mgcm-2) with enhanced electronic and ionic conductivity were fabricated with Super P: Sulfur (SP:S) and SSE. Ionic Liquids (IL) prepared using Lithium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) as salt, with premixed pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide (PYR) as solvent and 1,3-dioxolane (DOL) as diluent were used to wet both SSE-electrode interfaces. The effect of IL dilution, co-solvent amount, LiTFSI concentration, C rate at which the batteries are tested and the effect of SSE inside the cathode, were systematically studied and optimized to develop a quasi-solid-state electrolyte Li-S battery (QSSLSB) with higher capacity retention and cyclability. LiTFSI (2M) dissolved in PYR:DOL(1:1) found to be optimum IL combination for low sulfur loading QSSLSBs reaching 500 mAh/g after 100 cycles while LiTFSI (3M) in PYR:DOL(1:3) was the optimum IL concentration for higher loading QSSLSBs reaching 400 mAh/g after 100 cycles. This work reports promising results of QSSLSB based on novel Li6PS5F0.5Cl0.5 Li-argyrodite solid-state electrolyte (SSE) with minute amount of IL, Super P-Sulfur (SP:S) cathode, and Li-anode. It also offers a new insight into the intimate interfacial contacts between the SSE and carbon-sulfur cathodes, which will be critical for improved electrochemical performance of quasi-solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries with high sulfur loading in the future.