Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Physics and Astronomy

Degree Program

Physics, PhD

Committee Chair

Sumanasekera, Gamini

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Yu, Ming

Committee Member

Yu, Ming

Committee Member

Smadici, Serban

Committee Member

Narayanan, Badri

Author's Keywords

Li-S battery; rechargeable Li-S battery; solid-state battery; solid-state electrolytes; battery cathodes


Lithium-Sulfur (Li-S) batteries have become a promising candidate to meet the current energy storage demand, with its natural abundance of materials, high theoretical capacity of 1672 mAhg-1, high energy density of 2600 Whkg-1, low cost and lower environmental impact. Sulfide based solid state electrolytes (SSEs) have received greater attention due to their higher ionic conductivity, compatible interface with sulfur-based cathodes, and lower grain boundary resistance. However, the interface between SSEs and cathodes has become a challenge in all solid-state Li-S batteries due to the rigidity of the participating surfaces. A hybrid electrolyte containing SSE coupled with a small amount of ionic liquid, was essential to improve the interface contact of the SSE with the electrodes. Coating-based cathodes were successfully fabricated using water-based carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solution and Styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) as the binder with low sulfur loading (0.70 mgcm-2) as well as high sulfur loading (4.0 mgcm-2). Solid-state composite

powder-based cathodes pressed onto SSE (loading 4.0 mgcm-2) with enhanced electronic and ionic conductivity were fabricated with Super P: Sulfur (SP:S) and SSE. Ionic Liquids (IL) prepared using Lithium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) as salt, with premixed pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide (PYR) as solvent and 1,3-dioxolane (DOL) as diluent were used to wet both SSE-electrode interfaces. The effect of IL dilution, co-solvent amount, LiTFSI concentration, C rate at which the batteries are tested and the effect of SSE inside the cathode, were systematically studied and optimized to develop a quasi-solid-state electrolyte Li-S battery (QSSLSB) with higher capacity retention and cyclability. LiTFSI (2M) dissolved in PYR:DOL(1:1) found to be optimum IL combination for low sulfur loading QSSLSBs reaching 500 mAh/g after 100 cycles while LiTFSI (3M) in PYR:DOL(1:3) was the optimum IL concentration for higher loading QSSLSBs reaching 400 mAh/g after 100 cycles. This work reports promising results of QSSLSB based on novel Li6PS5F0.5Cl0.5 Li-argyrodite solid-state electrolyte (SSE) with minute amount of IL, Super P-Sulfur (SP:S) cathode, and Li-anode. It also offers a new insight into the intimate interfacial contacts between the SSE and carbon-sulfur cathodes, which will be critical for improved electrochemical performance of quasi-solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries with high sulfur loading in the future.