Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation
Health Management and Systems Sciences
Public Health Sciences with a specialization in Health Management, PhD
Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)
patient generated health data; length of stay; health information technology; electronic health records; certification; HITECH
The growing technological advancement of electronic health records can become an issue with quality and electronic patient information exchange if hospitals do not adhere to federal guidelines. It is recommended that hospitals utilize certified electronic health records (EHRs) to receive financial incentives. This certification is supposedly also associated with the quality of the EHR itself. The certification process is criticized for allowing EHR vendors to meet a set of limited functions known in advance. EHRs can affect healthcare quality and electronic health information exchange. This dissertation explored what is known about the effects of certified EHRs on length of stay (LOS) and patient generated health data (PGHD), the relationship between hospital utilization of certified EHRs and LOS, and the relationship between hospital utilization of certified EHRs with hospital capability of allowing the function of PGHD. The first analysis was a scoping review guided by the PRISMA protocol to explore what is known of the effects of certified EHRs on LOS and PGHD. The second analysis used datasets from the American Hospital Association Survey and Information Technology Supplement and Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Office of Health Policy from 2015 to 2019 to understand the relationship between hospital utilization of certified EHRs and LOS through a fixed effects regression model. The final paper analysis used datasets from the American Hospital Association Survey and Information Technology Supplement from 2016 to 2020 to understand the relationship between hospital utilization of certified EHRs and the function of enabling PGHD through a binary logistic regression. There is support amongst researchers on EHRs improving quality, such as, LOS and the function of PGHD improving technology efficiency and others supporting EHRs with more customization and open architecture. There is less known about whether an EHR, certified or non-certified, are different from one another with providing advantages for hospitals. Hospitals with certified EHRs have a longer LOS compared to hospitals with non-certified EHRs. Most hospitals experienced barriers with receiving, sending, or other electronic information exchange. Most hospitals with certified EHRs were more likely to not enable the function for PGHD compared to hospitals with non-certified EHRs. EHRs can be problematic while hospitals are providing hospital care. Although most hospitals possess certified EHRs, most do not enable the function of PGHD. Secondary sources from the survey were completed by the Chief Technology Officer or Chief Information Officer. Further research could be continued with understanding different groups’ health effects with health information technology. Hospitals may be satisfied with their EHRs but not as abreast on how functional the EHR is and how the EHR can benefit patients.
Elzie, Picandra Kernice, "An analysis of the effects of certified electronic health records on organizations and patients." (2023). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 4067.
Retrieved from https://ir.library.louisville.edu/etd/4067