Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.

Department (Legacy)

Department of Education

Committee Chair

Petrosko, Joseph M., 1947-

Author's Keywords

Perception; Leadership behaviors; At-risk middle schools


Middle school teachers--Attitudes; Middle school principals; Educational leadership


A need for greater understanding of teachers' (N= 530) perceptions of the leadership behaviors of principals in Title I middle schools (n = 13) is prevalent exists. The researcher used the "Audit of Principal Effectiveness" survey to collect data. The researcher also used Hierarchical Linear Modeling as the quantitative analysis. Significant teacher-level variables were teacher age, years the teacher worked for current principal, and teacher gender. Significant school-level variables were principal gender, principal teaching experience, and percentage of low-income students scoring proficient in mathematics. Principals should understand how teacher- and school-level variables affect the principals' perceived leadership behaviors. This study has implications for university personnel, school district personnel, school principals, and hiring committees.