Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name


Department (Legacy)

College of Education and Human Development




In studying the culture of any people we learn that no group has been absolutely independent of influences from other people. No man indeed can say that he has attained anything of value absolutely by himself; an individual must give credit to the contributions of other men, nations and races of people past and present. So must a nation glean its culture from that of other people. The Roman Empire is a splendid example of this gleaning of culture. Their culture came from contributions made by the Greeks, the Jews and from the people of northern Africa as well as an infiltration of occidental culture from the orient by the way of Constantinople. Closer at hand we can study our present day culture in the United States. Here we see the contributions that have been made by the European nations in matters of science, theology, art, music and other cultural subjects. We are also influenced by the oriental countries. Students of the philosophy of religion have lately turned their attention toward the great religions of the east such as Krishna, Buddhism, Jainism, Brahmism, Shintoism and others with a view to finding the fundamental truths of these schools of thought and to find the reason why they have furnished the people with spiritual food for centuries. Especially is this true of the Philippine Islands. The Filipinos are a people within close sailing distance of their neighbors, Chinese, Japanese, Javanese and Borneans, and each of these races has made its contribution to Philippine culture. Again, elements appear from a farther distance, and prior to Magellan we shall see that Philippine education especially was influenced by India and Arabia.