Counseling and Human Development
This study extended the literature by examining whether three profiles of depression predicted breast cancer status. In 1076 women of the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area study, depression status and hopelessness were measured at baseline and breast cancer status was ascertained 24 years later. Double depression, but not major depression or dysthymia, was associated with breast cancer. Hopelessness predicted fewer new cases of breast cancer. When double depression and hopelessness were simultaneously entered as predictors, the regression weights of both predictors increased. The role of severe and extended duration depression as well as possible explanations for unexpected findings are discussed.
Original Publication Information
Mitchell, Amanda M., Patrick Pössel, Benjamin W. Van Voorhees, and William W. Eaton. "Associations of Depression Status and Hopelessness with Breast Cancer." 2016. Journal of Health Psychology.
Mitchell, Amanda M.; Pössel, Patrick; Van Voorhees, Benjamin W.; and Eaton, William W., "Associations of depression status and hopelessness with breast cancer." (2016). Faculty Scholarship. 276.