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The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Guidelines for Authors

Article Types and Structure

The Journal of Respiratory Infections (JRI) accepts the following article types for submission with the specified structure for formatting primary manuscript headings:

  1. Original Research (peer reviewed)
    Publication addressing research data.
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods*, Results, and Discussion
    *Methods section should indicate IRB approval number when applicable for research involving human or animal subjects.
  2. Review Article (peer reviewed)
    Review of a topic related to a clinical or epidemiological management question.
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion
  3. Case Report (peer reviewed)
    Description of a clinical case with a clinical educational message.
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Case Description*, and Discussion *Blank copy of same form used to consent patient must be provided in lieu of IRB approval number.
  4. Methodology (peer reviewed)
    Presentation of a new test, method, or process that advances what is currently available.
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Approach, and Discussion
  5. Brief Review
    Concise review of a topic related to a clinical or epidemiological management question.
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion
  6. Brief Communication
    A short report of original research data.
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods*, Results, and Discussion
    *Methods section should indicate IRB approval number when applicable for research involving human or animal subjects.
  7. Multimedia (Image or Video)
    Concise presentation of topic with relevant images or video.
    Structure: Unstructured
  8. Editorial (Invited)
    Provide a perspective regarding a manuscript published in the Journal.
    Structure: Unstructured
  9. Patient Management Article
    A single clinical case presentation with an explanation and discussion of diagnosis.
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Case Presentation, and Discussion
  10. Opinion Piece
    A personal point of view addressing a clinical or epidemiological management issue for which there is no or little evidence.
    Structure: Unstructured
  11. Perspective Piece
    An author's perspective of relevant topic in a brief format.
    Structure: Introduction, Approach, and Discussion
  12. Study Protocol
    Publication of protocols before implementation of the study.
    Structure: Structure of the individual study protocol

Manuscript Preparation

JRI uses ThinkIR for manuscript submission and peer review. Only invited submissions will be considered by email or mail. Technical assistance for ThinkIR is available by phone at 502-852-8788 and via email at . Each submission is assigned a manuscript tracking number that will appear in the e-mail that confirms your submission has been received. Please provide this tracking number on any correspondence regarding the manuscript.


When submitting to JRI, authors will be asked to upload several distinct files through ThinkIR. The following list includes the types of files that may be required:

  1. Cover letter (either entered as text or uploaded to the Cover Letter area)
  2. Manuscript file (uploaded as Main Document), inclusive of
    • Title page
    • Abstract
    • Text
    • Author Contributions
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
    • Figure(s) legend
    • Tables
    • Figures
  3. Supplemental material
    • Additional Figure files
    • Appendices
    • Copy of Patient consent (for Case Report)
    • Permissions

Manuscript File

Submit your manuscript, including tables, figures, appendices, etc., as a single Word file without page numbers in the following page order:

  1. Page [page break]
  2. Abstract [page break]
  3. Text (Introduction through References) [page break]
  4. Figure Legend [page break]
  5. Table(s) [page break after each Table]
  6. Figure [page break after each Figure]

The ‘Text’ portion of your manuscript file should be written in accordance with the structure specified for the applicable article type.

Click here to download a Sample Manuscript File.

Title page

The title page should be submitted as the first page of the main manuscript file and include the following elements:

  1. Title
  2. Short Title
  3. Article Type
  4. Authors formatted as FirstName [Middle Initial] LastName1, Letters; repeat per # of authors (Example: Julio A Ramirez1, MD;)
  5. Author Affiliation formatted by numerical superscript with italics (Example: 1 Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USa )
  6. Author emails
  7. Keywords
  8. Funding statement
  9. Corresponding author

Click here to download a template Manuscript Title Page.


For Original Research and Review articles, the abstract should consist of the following sections:

  1. Introduction or Background
  2. Study Design or Methods
  3. Results
  4. Conclusion

For all other manuscript types requiring abstracts, JRI requires a narrative (unstructured) abstract.


While exceptions can be made, please limit secondary headings to (5) per article primary heading (such as Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) and subheadings to (10) per manuscript. Each secondary heading can consist of up to (5) words, including words such as ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’, and ‘and’. The body text of the manuscript should meet the following formatting requirements:

  • Page size should be 8.5 x 11-inches
  • Text should be single-spaced
  • Use a single column layout with both left and right margins justified.
  • Article should be written in English
  • Do not include page numbers, headers, or footers; the editors will add these.
  • Font:
    1. Heading 1 (primary heading)—Bold 14 pt. Times or Arial and in Sentence Case (not Uppercase/All Caps) followed by line break
    2. Heading 2 (secondary heading)—Bold 12 pt. Times or Arial and in Sentence Case
    3. Heading 3 (subheading)—Italics 12 pt. Times or Arial and in Sentence Case
    4. Main Body—12 pt. Times or Arial
  • Figures and Tables:
    1. In-sentence Figures and Tables should be bold and numbered in the order they appear (e.g., “Changes in the environment are indicated in Figure 1 .” )
    2. Content from Figures and Tables referenced in text must be given in parenthesis and bold at the end of a sentence. Where two or more Tables/Figures are mentioned in the same parenthetic, conjunction word(s) should not be bold (e.g., Table 1 and Table 2).

Author Contributions

Articles should contain a section listing authorship contributions. Listed authors must have agreed to be an author and made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript. Authors should do one or both of the following:

  • Substantial contribution to the conception or design of the work
  • Performed acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work

In addition, each author should be involved in drafting or revising the work, approving the final version and agreeing to be accountable for all aspects of the accuracy and integrity of the work. More details can be found at the ICMJE page for authorship roles . An example of an author contribution line is:

"MLM had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis, including and especially any adverse effects. MLM, MT, NAW, DRG, VAD, and EG contributed substantially to the study design, data analysis and interpretation, and the writing of the manuscript."

Contributions to the research or manuscript preparation from anyone who is not an author should be stated in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript with his/her permission. Submissions by anyone other than an author are not considered.


The acknowledgments section will vary slightly by article type. Possible elements include:

  1. Guarantor statement, naming one author who takes responsibility for (is the guarantor of) the content of the manuscript, including the data and analysis (Original Research).
  2. Financial statement/disclosures should match those provided on the title page
  3. Role of the sponsors should detail what input or contributions, if any, were provided by the funding sources in the development of the research and manuscript
  4. Other contributions


Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of citations, including that all citations are based in the English language. In-text, references must be given in brackets following the end of the sentence as font size numerals, numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. If the first (or only) mention of a reference appears in a Table, place the reference number after the table call out in text. For example, if a reference is in Table 3 and has not been called out any earlier in the text, then the text call out should be, e.g., "Table 3... [27]". This will preserve numbering in citation management software. The full citations must be listed in numerical order at the end of the text. Each reference must contain, in order, the following:

  1. Authors listed as “LastName” “FirstInitialMiddleInitial.” (when middle initial is present; e.g., Ramirez JA.) and separated each by comma (,); first six followed by “et al.” in the case of more than six authors is acceptable.
  2. Title of article (sentence case, no quotation marks or italics)
  3. Publication source (not italicized); when referring to a journal, the journal name should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus
  4. Year of publication, followed by abbreviated month and date separated by space
  5. Volume number
  6. Issue number
  7. Page numbers (inclusive)
  8. PubMed indexing and/or DOI link if applicable

The following are citation guidelines and examples for specific types of sources. Additional examples can be found by visiting: https://wilkes.libguides.com/c.php?g=191948&p=1266538 .


Author(s). Title [format]. Producers. Place of Publication: Publisher; Date of Publication. Physical Description.


· Carlson J. Depression [videocassette]. VandenBos GR, producer. Washington: American Psychological Association; 2005. 1 videocassette: 100 min., sound, color, 1/2 in.

· Amaral RS, Hoffman CW 3rd. Life cycle of Schistosoma mansoni [motion picture]. Amaral RS, Hoffman CW 3rd, producers. San Francisco: University of California, San Francisco; 1983. 1 reel: sound, color, 16 mm.

· Pediatric surgery [slides]. Chicago: American College of Surgeons; 1989. 177 slides: color, 2x2 in.

Print Books

Author(s) of book. Title of book. Edition (if other than first). Place of publication: Publisher; Year of Publication.


· Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ. Drugs in pregnancy and lactation: a reference guide to fetal and neonatal risk. 9th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins: 2011

· Phillips H, Rogers B, Bernheim KL, et al. Community medicine in action. New York: Eastern Press; 2005

· U.S Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics. Disability among older persons: United States and Canada. Washington: Government Printing Office; 1995

Online Books

Author(s) of book. Title of book [book on the Internet]. Edition (if other than first). Place of publication: Publisher; Year of Publication [updated/revised date; cited date]. Available from: URL or Database name.


· Trevor AJ, Masters SB, Katzung BG. Basic & clinical pharmacology [book on Internet]. 11th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Lange; 2009 [cited 2013 June 26]. Available from: Ebsco eBooks http://web.ebscohost.com/.

· Food and Drug Administration. The bad bug book [book on the Internet]. 2 nd ed. Silver Springs (MD): Food and Drug Administration (US), Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition; 2012 [updated 2013 May 20; cited 2013 July 28]. Available from: http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/CausesOfIllnessBadBugBook/

Print Brochures, Pamphlets, Reports and Other Individual Titles

Author(s). Title of work [medium, if not identified elsewhere in citation]. Edition (if other than first). Place of publication: publisher; year of publication. Numerical identifier (if applicable)


· Pharmaceutical Society of Australia. Medicines and driving [pamphlet]. Sydney: PharmaceuticalSociety of Australia; 1998

· Leatherwood S. Whales, dolphins, and porpoises of the western North Atlantic. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce; 2001. Report number: 63

· Yen GG. Health monitoring on vibration signatures. Final Report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123

Online Brochures, Pamphlets, Reports and Other Individual Titles

Author(s). Title of work [medium on the Internet]. Edition (if other than first). Place of publication: publisher; year of publication [updated/revised date; cited date]. Report information (if applicable). Available from:


· The Writing Center. Run-on Sentences [document on the Internet]. Colorado Springs (CO): University of Colorado; 2013 May [cited 2013 Nov 6]. Available from: http://www.uccs.edu/Documents/wrtgcntr/Run%20On%20Sentences.pdf

· Facts about the Death Penalty [factsheet on the Internet]. Washington: Death Penalty Information Center; [updated 2013 Oct 30; cited 2013 Nov 7]. Available from: http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/documents/FactSheet.pdf

· Technical report for the price and purity of illicit drugs: 1981 through the second quarter of 2003 [report on the Internet]. Washington: Executive Office of the President (US), Office of National Drug Control Policy; 2004 Nov [cited 2013 Nov 3]. Report No. NCJ 207769. Available from: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/price_purity_tech_rpt/price_purity_tech_rpt.pdf

Print Journal Articles

Author(s) of article. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal. Date of publication; vol(issue):page number(s).


· Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl JMed. 2002;347:284-7.

· Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.

Online Journal Articles

Author(s) of article. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal [journal on the Internet]. Date of publication [date of update/revision; date of citation]; vol(issue):page number(s)/extent. Available from:


· Terrie YC. Treatment and management of dermatitis. Pharm Times [journal on the Internet]. 2013 Apr 18 [cited 2013 Aug 23]; (about 5 screens). Available from: http://www.pharmacytimes.com/publications/issue/2013/April2013/Treatment-and-Management-of-Dermatitis

· Jones RW, McCrone P, Guilhaume C. Cost effectiveness of memantine in Alzheimer’s disease. Drugs Aging [serial on the Internet]. 2004 [cited 2005 Aug 23];38(2):409-12. Available from: http://www.ias.ac.in/jbiosci/jun2013/409.pdf

Print Newspaper Articles

Author. Title of article. Title of newspaper (edition). Year Month Day: Sect.: page (col.).


· Harris G. FDA orders recall of intravenous pumps. New York Times (Washington Final). 2005 Jun 22; Sect. A:12 (col. 1)

· Associated Press. Mumps outbreak spreading in Midwest. Richmond Times-Dispatch. 2006 Apr 20; Sect. A:3 (col. 1)

Online Newspaper Articles

Author. Title of article. Title of newspaper (edition) [newspaper on the Internet]. Year Month Day [date cited Year Month Day]: Sect.: page. Available from:


· Carey B. Psychiatrists revise the book of human troubles. New York Times [newspaper on the Internet]. 2008 Dec 17 [cited 2008 Dec 19]; Health: [about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/18/health/18psych.html?_r=1&em

· Grady D. Jump in doctor visits and deaths in flu season. New York Times [newspaper on the Internet]. 2008 Apr 18 [cited 2008 Dec 19]; Research: [about 4 screens]. Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/18/health/research/18flu.html?scp=7&sq=flu%20season&st=cse

· Kolata G. Experts unlock clues to spread of 1918 flu virus. New York Times (late edition) [newspaper on the Internet]. 2005 Oct 6 [cited 2013 Aug 14]; A1 [about 2 p.]. Available from: Proquest http://search.proquest.com/

Press Releases

Author/organization. Title of communication [press release] (Date released) [cited year month day]. Available from: URL


· Google Inc. Google Maps changes forever [press release] (2015 Dec 29) [cited 2015 Dec 30]. Available from: http://www.google.com/intl/en/news

Web Site

Author. Title [Internet]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Date of Publication [date of update/revision; date of citation]. Available from: URL


· Cancer-Pain.org: Knowledge for Action [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/

· Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute [Internet]. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University; 2009 [cited 2009 Sep 23]. Available from: http://malaria.jhsph.edu/

Part of a Web Site (specific pages)

Author. Title of homepage [Internet]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Date of Publication [date of update/revision]. Author. Title of part/page; Date of publication of part/page [date of citation of part]. Available from: URL


· Healthy.net, healthy people, healthy planet [Internet]. [place unknown]: HealthWorld Online; [cited 2013 Aug 30]. Zand J. The natural pharmacy: herbal medicine for depression; c1999 [cited 2013 Aug 23]. Available from: http://www.healthy.net/Health/Article/The_Natural_Pharmacy_Herbal_Medicine_for_Depression/920

· Welcome to Alcoholics anonymous [Internet]. New York (NY): Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc.; c2013. Information for professionals; c2013 [cited 2013 May 2]. Available from: http://www.aa.org/lang/en/subpage.cfm?page=8

Figures and Tables

Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of figures and tables, including that all content is legible and appropriately spaced. For figures too large to be included in the manuscript file, authors may provide in a PDF or PNG file type as Supplemental Content.


All tables should include a label with numerical sequence, general description and, if necessary, footnotes for in-table context in the following format:

  1. Table label in bold (i.e., Table 1.) followed by a general description in sentence structure placed above the table in 12pt Times or Arial font.
  2. Applicable footnotes placed beneath the table in 10pt. Times or Arial.
  3. Tables should be added as one per page to the manuscript file.


All figures should be included on the Figure Legend page with a label in numerical sequence and general description in the following format:

  1. Figure label in bold (i.e., Figure 1.) followed by a general description in sentence structure and 12pt Times or Arial font.
  2. Figure images should be added one per page with label only (i.e., Figure 1.) to the last pages of manuscript file.
  3. The Editors will join associative content from the Figure Legend with the Figure(s).

Click here to download a template Manuscript File.