The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections


The goals of this study were to investigate the relationship of systemic and local cytokine responses with time to clinical stability (TCS) in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and to develop a model to integrate multiple cytokine data into “cytokine response profiles” based on local vs. systemic and pro- vs. anti-inflammatory cytokine patterns in order to better understand their relationships with measures of CAP severity and outcomes. Forty hospitalized patients enrolled through the Community Acquired Pneumonia Inflammatory Study Group (CAPISG) were analyzed. Based on the ranked distribution of the levels of eight different pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines (IL-1b, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12p40, IL-17A, IFNg, TNFa and CXCL10) in plasma and sputum on hospital admission, a “pro-inflammatory cytokine score (PICS)” was defined. PICS in plasma and sputum were plotted against each other and quadrants used to define profiles based on the four possible high/low combinations. A similar approach was used to contrast sputum PICS vs. anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ra and IL-10). Some of the “profiles” thus defined were found to group patients with common etiologic characteristics and/or associate with similar measures of disease severity and/or clinical outcomes, suggesting the predictive value of the use of cytokine data in CAP patients.


The author(s) received no specific funding for this work.



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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
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