Introduction: Current literature indicates that African American individuals are at increased risk of becoming infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus and suffer higher SARS-CoV-2-related mortality rates. However, there is a lack of consensus as to how the clinical outcomes of African American patients differ from those of other groups. The objective of this study was to define the clinical outcomes of African American and White hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Louisville, Kentucky.
Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 CAP at eight hospitals in Louisville, Kentucky. Severity of CAP at time of hospitalization was evaluated using the pneumonia severity index (PSI), CURB-65 score and SARS-CoV-2 viral load. The following thirteen clinical outcomes were compared: discharge alive to home, time to home discharge, admission to the ICU, length of ICU stay, need for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), duration of IMV, development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), development of septic shock, need for vasopressors, development of cardiovascular events, time to cardiovascular events, in-hospital mortality, and time to death.
Results: A total of 541 patients were eligible for this study, 343 White (63%) and 198 African American (37%). None of the thirteen clinical outcomes were statistically significantly different between the two groups.
Conclusions: This study indicates that African American and White patients do not have different clinical outcomes after the point of hospitalization due to SARS-CoV-2 CAP.
The author(s) received no specific funding for this work
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Ramirez, Julio A.; Furmanek, Stephen P.; Chandler, Thomas; Hanson, Stephen S.; Balcom, Dawn; Marimuthu, Subathra; Krishnasamy, Sathya; Bordon, Jose; Cavallazzi, Rodrigo; Aboelnasr, Amr; Tella, Mahder A.; Mattingly, William A.; Wilde, Ashley M.; Sangroula, Daisy; Antimisiaris, Demetra; Chung, Donghoon; Cabral, Guillermo; Fernandez-Botran, Gabino R; Huang, Jiapeng; Gnoni, Martin; Akca, Ozan; Schulz, Paul; Bressoud, Phillip F.; Krishnan, Priya; Suliman, Sally; McKinney, William P.; Moffett, Bryan; Wolf, Leslie A; Burns, Mark; Glynn, Alex; Carrico, Ruth; and Arnold, Forest W.
"No difference in clinical outcomes for African American and White patients hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in Louisville, Kentucky,"
The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections: Vol. 5
, Article 25.
Available at: https://ir.library.louisville.edu/jri/vol5/iss1/25
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