Date on Master's Thesis/Doctoral Dissertation


Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph. D.


Educational Leadership, Evaluation and Organizational Development

Degree Program

Educational Leadership and Organizational Development, PhD

Committee Chair

Immekus, Jason

Committee Co-Chair (if applicable)

Sun, Jeffery C

Committee Member

Sun, Jeffery C

Committee Member

Brydon-Miller, Mary

Committee Member

Nash, James

Author's Keywords

pharmacy education; core roles; EPAs; competencies; CAPE


The purpose of this two-phase embedded mixed-method project was to investigate the extent to which a consensus exists among pharmacy professionals regarding core practice-ready roles for graduates that align with current pharmacy competencies/EPA statements with entrustment levels. Current competencies/EPAs were perceived as mapping to the core roles developed during this study, with some missing competencies. Some of the EPA levels of entrustment varied depending on the role to which it was mapped. Some levels were different than the current recommended EPA entrustment level recommended to be used by schools/colleges. The development of a set of core roles with the mapping of pharmacy competencies and EPAs is the first step in pharmacy developing an education model like medicine.