Journal of Refugee & Global Health


Pediatric refugees and immigrants may present with unusual diagnoses due to their extensive migration and potential harsh conditions in travel. Trauma and family separation add to the difficulty of obtaining a history of exposures. We report a case of one of the more commonly neglected tropical diseases, Leishmaniasis. A 15-year-old male refugee patient presented to the hospital with ulcerative lesions to his legs. His migration history was extensive, starting in Central Africa with travel to South America, followed by migration through Central America to Texas. The patient developed ulcerative lesions on his legs, and he was brought to the children’s hospital by his refugee organization, where the diagnosis was ultimately confirmed as Leishmaniasis. Providers should become familiar with tropical diseases that refugees, as well as local populations, may acquire from travel. Specifically, pediatricians should become familiar with the more prevalent “neglected” tropical diseases as recommended by the World Health Organization.


The author(s) received no specific funding for this work.



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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
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