Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 4-22-2022


Mentored Undergraduate Research Awards



Religion, art, and politics were at their peak during the Italian Renaissance. However, because of the generously allocated talent of the Italian sphere at this time it is easy to overlook the contributions of those who broke away from the Catholic concentration and kick started this humanistic era. Giannozzo Manetti, an Italian politician who in 1452 wrote De Ignate er Excellencia Hominis, a challenge to Pope Innocent III’s philosophy. The text has been translated to “On Human Worth and Excellence” and describes a deep-rooted foundation of humanism in religion. He concludes a functionality of society and religion in respect to mankind, reminiscent of the Ancient Greek cultural-religious interpretation. Manetti connects the works of Plato and Socrates to describe his religious interpretation and presents such as an opposition to the Catholic Church’s divide between man and God. Valuing the same aspects in his cultural religion as the Ancient Greeks, Manetti draws the same conclusions about the functionality of humanity in religion that are later found in Luther’s 95 theses. The ideas presented and interpretated by the Florentine Manetti bear a striking resemblance to the religious revolt of Protestantism, as well as the religious sentiments found in modern conception. My work connects these links and proactively describes the phenomena and reliance of humanism in religion.