The Cardinal Edge

Welcome to The Cardinal Edge!

The Cardinal Edge is UofL's only faculty-reviewed and peer-reviewed multidisciplinary undergraduate research journal aimed to showcase and celebrate the novel student research conducted at UofL. TCE aims to prepare undergraduate students for future publishing endeavors by allowing students to participate as both authors and editors.

We are committed to publishing faculty or peer-reviewed original research articles, reviews, and commentaries. More detailed descriptions of the journal content can be found on the Aims and Scope page.

Current Volume: Volume 1 (2021) Issue 1

Letter from the Editors

To the University of Louisville Community,

It is our honor to bring to you the Fall 2021 issue of The Cardinal Edge (TCE), the University of Louisville’s (UofL) sole peer-reviewed, student-run, annual undergraduate research journal. TCE is committed to showcasing high-level student research and creative activity from UofL’s undergraduate community. The Cardinal Edge was initially conceived in a study room at the Belknap Academic Building by its Chief Editors in 2019, and we are elated to share this work with you in this 2020-2021 issue. Considering the difficult circumstances brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, we are extremely proud of the undergraduate students who submitted to our journal. In our first issue, authors’ research topics range from nonprofit organization’s social media management to exploring Kentucky’s rich, queer history. We are also excited to present a Spotlight article featuring interviews with Dr. Zhang, Mr. Rahman, and Dr. Enders, describing their research on COVID-19.

Over this past year, The Cardinal Edge was established in collaboration with UofL’s institutional repository, ThinkIR, to provide an accessible platform for undergraduates to submit their research. We are grateful to the programs, organizations, and individuals on campus who have promoted and continue to support our mission. We hope to increase our visibility in UofL’s community and strengthen our reputation as an academic journal in upcoming years. Amidst the challenge of the pandemic, we were able to establish a portfolio of student-led initiatives to promote leadership, networking, and research experiences while enhancing undergraduate involvement at UofL.

This issue would not be possible without the efforts of our undergraduate student journal staff who have worked tirelessly to ensure the success of the journal. We would like to thank our student and faculty reviewers for their contributions. We extend our deepest gratitude to our journal sponsor, Dr. Charles Leonard, and faculty advisors, Dr. Mark Running and Dr. Shira Rabin.

We are immensely proud to present to you The Cardinal Edge’s first issue.

Your Editors-in-Chief

Betty Ngo
Jahnavi Sunkara
Samuel Kessler
Priyadarshini Chandrashekhar

Brief Research Reports

Faculty Spotlights


Unique Perspectives on the Spread of COVID-19
Ekaterina S. Kovatsenko, Grace Mcclurg, and Aamira Shah


You’ve Graduated. So Now What?
Katherine Vo. Brown, Ekaterina S Kovatsenko, and Aamira Shah


Your Personal Guide to Getting into Research
Katherine Vo. Brown, Priyadarshini Chandrashekhar, Harshith Gontla, Ekaterina S Kovatsenko, Aamira Shah, and Kelsey Littrell

Research Abstracts


Protein Prenylation in the moss Physcomitrium patens
Zayna Qaissi, Anam F. Ahmed, Mark P. Running, and Katherine Vo. Brown

Full-length Research Reports


The Sterilization of Escherichia coli with Black Diamond-Coated Silicon
Sarah M. Cawthon, Jesse L. Rozsa, and Mark P. Running


The Effects of PPAL-1 in Arabidopsis Gamete Development
Amanda J White, Susana Perez-Martinez, and Mark P. Running

Literature Reviews


Jahnavi Sunkara '22
Betty Ngo '23
Priyadarshini Chandrashekhar '22
Samuel Kessler '22

Design Cohort

Lorin Holloway '21, Managing Editor
Kaden Fisher '24, Team Member
Lisa Pham '23, Team Member

Spotlight Cohort

Katya Kovatsenko '22, Managing Editor
Aamira Shah '23, Team Member
Katherine Brown '22, Team Member

Review Cohort

Alex Michalak '21, Managing Editor
Gopika Gopan '23, Team Member

Outreach Cohort

Caleb Russell '23, Managing Editor
Betsy Sellers '23, Team Member
Harris Gregory '23, Team Member

First-Year Cohort

Abigail Stanger '24, Team Member
Anna Simpson '24, Team Member
Grace McClurg '24, Team Member
Harshith Gontla '24, Team Member
Jaleia Marshall '24, Team Member
Jaley Adkins '24, Team Member
Kelsey Littrell '24, Team Member
Morgan Elmore '24, Team Member

Faculty Advisors

Dr. Mark Running, Department of Biology
Dr. Shira Rabin, Department of Biology

Journal Sponsor

Dr. Charles Leonard, Office of the Provost