The Cardinal Edge

Welcome to The Cardinal Edge!

The Cardinal Edge is UofL's only faculty-reviewed and peer-reviewed multidisciplinary undergraduate research journal aimed to showcase and celebrate the novel student research conducted at UofL. TCE aims to prepare undergraduate students for future publishing endeavors by allowing students to participate as both authors and editors.

We are committed to publishing faculty or peer-reviewed original research articles, reviews, and commentaries. More detailed descriptions of the journal content can be found on the Aims and Scope page.

Current Issue: Volume 1, Issue 2 (2022) Issue 2

Letter from the Editors

Dear Reader,

It is with great pleasure that we present to you the second issue of the University of Louisville’s sole undergraduate multidisciplinary research journal, The Cardinal Edge (TCE). We are also proud to announce TCE’s Best Papers of 2021-22 in Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, and Humanities. These papers present original methodology and novel solutions to contemporary global issues.

This past cycle, we received diverse submissions from over twenty fields of study. The pages of this issue feature research topics ranging from COVID-19 vaccination rates at the Kentucky Racing Health Services Center in Churchill Downs to the evaluation of LSD usage in the 1960s. We also feature three Spotlight articles detailing interviews with Drs. Maegen Rochner, Timothy O’Toole, and Lauren Heberle on the impact of climate change from multidisciplinary perspectives.

The abstracts, literature reviews, and research reports published in this issue have been reviewed by our journal’s editorial board and ad hoc reviewers of graduate students, faculty, and past authors. We owe the success of this publication to everyone who submitted their work for consideration, as well as editors, advisors, and other contributors. To you, the reader, we appreciate your faith in and support of TCE to relay the impressive research, creative endeavors, and scholarship conducted by fellow undergraduate students.

Since the release of our inaugural issue, TCE’s journal staff continues to be dedicated to our mission—bringing forth a narrative of academia from the undergraduate student perspective. The Cardinal Edge is unique in that our journal and initiatives are entirely student driven. In this publication year, we hosted our first panel event elucidating non-linear pathways into research and creative activity as a career. We also expanded our staff by recruiting seven new first-year members to ensure the longevity of the journal. TCE has formally established our partnership with the newly formed Center for Engaged Learning, expanded our reach to the J.B. Speed School of Engineering, and finalized our first Volume 1 Issue 1 print journal, which is now available for purchase.

We would like to express immense gratitude to our exemplary staff, as this publication would not be possible without their efforts, diligence, and commitment. We are grateful to our faculty advisors, Drs. Mark Running, Shira Rabin, and Brian Robinson, for their guidance and support. We also thank Dr. Paul DeMarco, Interim Director for the Center for Engaged Learning, for sponsorship. Finally, we thank ThinkIR, UofL’s Institutional Repository, for providing an accessible platform for undergraduates to submit and showcase their research.

Happy reading,

Your 2021-22 Editors-in-Chief

Betty Ngo

Gopika Gopan

Jahnavi Sunkara

Priya Chandrashekhar

Brief Research Reports

Faculty Spotlights


Women in STEM
Priyadarshini Chandrashekhar, Kelsey Littrell, and Aamira Shah


An Interdisciplinary Discussion on Climate Change
Aamira Shah, Jaley F. Adkins, Kelsey Littrell, and Priyadarshini Chandrashekhar

Research Abstracts


Characterization of the Function of PpRGTB2 from Mutant Phenotypes
Briana L. Seibert, Hyun Jin Jung, and Mark P Running


Evaluation of respiratory function using blood gas parameters in Yucatan minipigs following Spinal Cord Injury
Jackson Gallagher, Monique Morgan, Chase Knibbe, Destiny Gibson, and Maxwell Boakye

Full-length Research Reports

Literature Reviews

Chief Editors

Betty Ngo, Outreach Chief

Gopika Gopan, Review Chief

Jahnavi Sunkara, Design Chief

Priyadarshini Chandrashekhar, Spotlight Chief

Design Cohort

Lisa Pham, Managing Editor

Grace McClurg, Team Member

Harshith Gontla, Team Member

Spotlight Cohort

Aamira Shah, Managing Editor

Jaley Adkins, Team Member

Kelsey Littrell, Team Member

Review Cohort

Harris Gregory, Managing Editor

Abigail Stanger, Team Member

Morgan Elmore, Team Member

Outreach Cohort

Betsy Sellers, Managing Editor

Anna Simpson, Team Member

Jaleia Marshall, Team Member

First-Year Cohort

Allicen White

Gita Jaikumar

Kamal Amirneni

Loghan Currin

Preeti Tanwani

Robbie Hawkins

Zane Phelps

Faculty Advisors

Dr. Mark Running, Department of Biology

Dr. Shira Rabin, Department of Biology

Dr. Brian Robinson, JB Speed School of Engineering

Journal Sponsor

Dr. Paul DeMarco, Center of Engaged Learning

Special thanks to Mahathi Gavuji for designing TCE's logo!

For questions or comments please contact cardedge@louisville.edu