The Cardinal Edge

Volume 1 (Issue 3 Supplemental)

Dear Reader,

It is with great pleasure that I introduce to you the supplementary issue to the third issue of the University of Louisville’s multidisciplinary undergraduate research journal, The Cardinal Edge (TCE). TCE aims to promote a platform for undergraduate students to showcase their invaluable contributions to research and engage in meaningful academic discussions with peers and faculty in their field.

The first of its kind, this supplemental issue highlights student abstracts submitted and presented at the Arts and Research Showcase at the University of Louisville in April 2023. The showcase is designed to provide an opportunity for undergraduate students to share their scholarship with the larger university community. The pages of this issue feature extensive research on topics ranging from how race and gender impact the perception of scientific knowledge to the effects of prenatal vaping on kidney development.

During this publication cycle, TCE increased our staff by thirteen first-year members and worked with over fifty graduate student and faculty reviewers, whose insight and expertise continue to serve as the foundation of our journal. Partnering with the Center for Engaged Learning, we have established a supplemental issue to the journal, which will feature abstracts from university research symposiums. TCE has hosted faculty panels detailing the variety of research being conducted at the University of Louisville. We increased the global readership of the journal, and articles published in our journal have been cited by major news outlets such as CNN and Vox. We are also proud to have been awarded the Student Organization of the Year Award by the University of Louisville.

We would like to express our gratitude to our faculty advisors, Drs. Mark Running, Shira Rabin, Brian Robinson, and Pamela Thomas, for their guidance and advice. We are also grateful to Dr. Paul DeMarco, Director of the Center for Engaged Learning, for sponsorship and support. We thank ThinkIR, UofL’s Institutional Repository, for providing an accessible platform for undergraduate students to submit and showcase their research. We are grateful to the researchers for the time, effort, and rigor they invested in these abstracts. Finally, we thank you, the reader, for your faith in TCE to relay the research endeavors conducted by undergraduate students and provide a space for new ideas and innovation at the University of Louisville.

In my time as the Executive Editor in Chief of TCE, I have continued to be amazed by the commitment and dedication of our journal staff. I extend my immense gratitude to my fellow editors-in-chief, managing editors, and cohort team members for their diligence and efforts. I look forward to The Cardinal Edge’s continued cultivation of an undergraduate research community at the University of Louisville.

Happy reading,

Gopika Gopan
Executive Editor-in-Chief

Anna Simpson
Outreach Chief Editor

Abigail Stanger
Review Chief Editor

Aamira Shah
Spotlight Chief Editor

Lisa Pham
Design Chief Editor

Research Abstracts


Impact of Developmental Cigarette Smoke Exposure on Offspring Number and Birth Weight
Megan O. Jacobs, Isaiah Burciaga, Katelyn Chism, Selma Podbicanin, Julia Corman, Anna-Lee Harris, Rachel Neal, and Cynthia Corbitt


The Impact of Prenatal Vape Exposure on Weanling Liver Gene Expression
Isabella R. Fieger, Cristina Isabel Pauig, Mindy Yin, Anna Lipinski, Barrett Blevins, Tyler Plake, Lucas Georges, Katelyn Chism, Isaiah Burciaga, Selma Podbicanin, Cynthia Corbitt, and Rachel Neal


Histological Evaluation of Offspring Kidneys following Prenatal Vaping
Lucas Georges, Katelyn Chism, Selma Podbicanin, Isaiah Burciaga, Cynthia Corbitt, and Rachel Neal


Pediatric Providers’ Experiences Assessing Young Children’s Emotions and Behaviors
Vaibhavi Venkataramanan, Akira Isaac B.S., and Sara Bufferd Ph.D.


A Citizen Science Experiment: How well do park visitors identify wetland health?
Madison Cicha, Kassidy Haynes, Andrew Mehring, Mark Tierney, and Andrea Gaughan PhD


Exploring Gender Differences in Eating Disorder Risk Factors
Aamya Vohra, Rowan Hunt, and Cheri Levinson


Organizing PMODE Dopplergrams of Jupiter with MATLAB
Brady T. Smith, Deborah Gulledge, Cody Shaw, and Gerard Williger


A Logistics Approach to Improve Medication Reconciliation in the Outpatient Clinic Setting
Aysha Khan, Demetra Antimisiaris, Madison Perkins, and Luz Fernandez


Resolving Commingling, Restoring Identity: An Interdisciplinary Collaboration and Ethical Study of Individuals from a Human Skeletal Teaching Collection
Morgann L. Lucas, Morgan J. Elmore, Christine Chen, Carolann Cockerill, Mekenzie Davis, Vivian N. Pham, Matthew Kolmann, Linda Fuselier, and Kathryn E. Marklein


White Men in White coats: Children’s Attributions of Scientific Knowledge based on Race and Gender
Lillian C. Holm, Mariel R. Cox, Khushboo S. Patel, and Judith H. Danovitch


Emotion Regulation Tendencies Moderate Momentary Associations Between Sadness, Binge Urges, and Overeating
Jacoby D. Banet, Julia Nicholas, Taylor Penwell, Rowan Hunt, and Cheri Levinson


Hyaluronan Modulated Expression of MMPs 2, 9, and 12 in Macrophages
Jeffrey S. Miller, Caitlin Howard, and Steven P. Jones PhD


The Social Determinants of Health and Reentry: An Exploratory Study
Makayla Lewis, Brian Schaefer, and Heather Ouellette


Sensitivity to Natural Pairing of Musical Pitch and Timbre
Isabel V. Adames Vergara, Anya Shorey, and Christian Stilp


Concern Over Mistakes and Emotion Regulation are Uniquely and Synergistically Associated with Eating Disorder Symptoms
Madison Ortman, Aleena Saifullah, Mattison Hale, Taylor Porter, Sara Clark, Maritza Lazo, Caroline Christian, Claire Cusack, Cheri Levinson, and Rachel Butler


The emerging oral pathogen, Filifactor alocis, modulates antimicrobial responses of primed human neutrophils.
Ian J. Snider, Aruna Vashishta, Richard J. Lamont, and Silvia M. Uriarte

Chief Editorial Board

Kamal Amirneni, Executive Editor-in-Chief

Yaara Aleissa, Associate Editor-in-Chief

Loghan Currin, Design Managing Editor

Amani Ikram, Spotlight Managing Editor

Abigail Stanger, Review Managing Editor

Annalise Hale, Outreach Managing Editor

Design Cohort

Harshith Gontla, Team Member

Gita Jaikumar, Team Member

Lindsey Lankford, Team Member

Sai Jeyaprakash, Team Member

Spotlight Cohort

Allicen White, Team Member

Rebecca Klukowski, Team Member

Review Cohort

Preeti Tanwani, Team Member

Xander Jarvis, Team Member

Kusum Kumar, Team Member

Tuesday Shaw, Team Member

Outreach Cohort

Allie Redden, Team Member

Hannah Limbong, Team Member

Tia Alchureiqi, Team Member

Faculty Advisors

Dr. Mark Running, Department of Biology

Dr. Shira Rabin, Department of Biology

Dr. Brian Robinson, JB Speed School of Engineering

Dr. Pamela Thomas, JB Speed School of Engineering

Journal Sponsor

Dr. Paul DeMarco, Center of Engaged Learning

Cover Design

Gita Jaikumar, Design Team Member


For questions or comments please contact cardedge@louisville.edu